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Subject Information

Please click on a subject title below to find out how each subject is taught in each year group.

Art and Design

Art and Design and Technology are inspiring and practical subjects that encourages children to learn to think creatively and to solve problems, both as individuals and as members of a team.

At King Charles, our DT provision ensures every child has the opportunity to reach their full potential to ‘Shine’.

We encourage children to use their creativity and imagination to design and make products that solve real and relevant problems within a variety of contexts.

We intend for children to experience using a wide range of art materials, from clay to charcoal and everything inbetween. We are committed to providing all children with learning opportunities to shine regardless of age, gender or ability.

We aim to, wherever possible, create cross-curricular links to other subjects as this gives the learning purpose and relevance to the children.



Collective Worship

Collective Worship at King Charles aims to strengthen and support the Christian identity of our school, reaffirming our values and celebrate the contribution that each child makes to our community. Worship will reflect the variety of traditions found in the Church of England, and will recognise and follow the Christian liturgical year. The daily Christian act of worship is central to our ethos contributes to the spiritual, moral, social and cultural development of our pupils.

Through worship, we aim to enable our pupils:

• to explore a relationship with God in Jesus Christ.

• to reflect on values that are of a broadly Anglican Christian tradition, whilst recognizing the validity and importance of other Christian denominations, religions and belief systems

• to consider spiritual and moral issues and, through reflection, raise awareness of the ultimate questions of life relating to matters of faith.

• to reflect on their own beliefs.

• to deepen and widen the experience of those of ‘faith’ and encourage those of ‘little or no formal faith’ so that they begin to feel for themselves something of what it means to worship.

• to develop an enquiring mind and express and explore their own views openly and honestly through reflection and wondering questions.

• to develop a community spirit, a common ethos and shared values.

• to foster an awareness of the world around them and a sense of their place within it

• to develop a respect for and an understanding of different beliefs.

• to develop a sense of sharing and belonging through different groups of children coming together.

• To have opportunities to live out and explore Biblical teachings



The computing curriculum at King Charles intends to give our children the skills and knowledge necessary to use a range of technologies responsibly, safely and independently. All learning in computing follows the school’s SHINE curriculum.

On their journey through King Charles, our aim is that children will become more independent using technology, be able to work collaboratively when solving problems and choosing appropriate methods of presenting their learning. We want our children to become fluent in a range of technologies.

Children will embrace and enjoy technology, understanding its importance in their daily lives and recognise that there are exciting career opportunities for all to be had in this constantly evolving area.

The intention is that children will develop a respect for technology and most importantly, understand how to keep themselves safe in an ever changing digital world.




Design Technology

Design and Technology is an inspiring and practical subject that encourages children to learn to think creatively to solve problems, both as individuals and as members of a team.

At King Charles, our provision ensures every child has the opportunity to reach their full potential to ‘Shine’. We encourage children to use their creativity and imagination, to design and make products that solve real and relevant problems within a variety of contexts.

We are committed to providing all children with learning opportunities to shine regardless of age, gender or ability. We aim to, wherever possible, create cross-curricular links to other subjects as this gives the learning purpose and relevance to the children.




At King Charles, we consider reading and writing to be essential life skills not only for academic success but also as a means of enriching our lives through reading for pleasure and writing creatively. Reading and writing thread their way through our SHINE curriculum, binding skills together for a richer learning experience.

We aim to nurture a love for writing, equipping our pupils with the knowledge and skills needed to write as authors across our wide and varied curriculum. Through regular and purposeful writing opportunities, we strive for pupils to:

• Write clearly, accurately and coherently, adapting their language and style for a range of contexts, purposes and audiences.

• Acquire a wide vocabulary, and a solid understanding of grammar and punctuation.

• Be able to spell new words by effectively applying the spelling patterns and rules they learn throughout their time in primary school.

• Take pride in the presentation of their writing, in part by developing a good, joined, handwriting style.

• Refine and edit their writing, independently identifying their own areas for improvement and editing their work effectively during and after the writing process.

We also aim for our children to become confident and enthusiastic readers who read for pleasure as well as for a purpose. Our goal is to inspire our children to appreciate a wide range of texts as well as publications which inform our children of current affairs. We also strive to provide our children with the ability to express themselves clearly and communicate effectively with others through spoken language.





The intention of the Geography Curriculum at King Charles Primary School is to inspire children’s curiosity and enthusiasm to explore the world that we live in and its people, which aims to ignite a love of learning. We intend to equip children with geographical skills to develop their knowledge through studying places, people and natural and human environments.

We are committed to providing children with opportunities to investigate and make enquiries about their local area of Falmouth so that they can develop a real sense of who they are, their heritage and what makes our local area unique and special. Geography, by nature, is an investigative subject.

Through our teaching, we intend to provoke thought, questions and to encourage children to discover answers to their own questions through exploration and research to enable them to gain a greater understanding and knowledge of the world and their place in it.



Global Learning

Global Learning at King Charles School  

At King Charles, we believe every child should be given the opportunity to discover the wider world by equipping them with the skills, knowledge, empathy and understanding necessary to live and work in an increasingly globalised world

For us, we see global learning as an approach to learning about international development through recognising the importance of linking people’s lives throughout the world.  We learn about how our lives impact on others, how we can act to make a difference in our world and our responsibility for God’s creation. 

Our SHINE curriculum, with Environment at its heart, has learning about the wider world interwoven throughout and sees our pupils answer big questions as well as focus specifically on ‘being me in my world’ in PSHE learning. 

Schools like ours, that actively engage in global learning, recognise the impact that knowledge and understanding of development can bring to pupils’ learning across the curriculum. Global learning at King Charles School can simply be defined as a means of our children learning about the wider world. 

When learning about the wider world, we aim for our pupils to be: 

• Critical  

• Creative 

• Self-aware  

• Globally aware  

• Open-minded  

• Inquisitive  

• Reflective  

• Connected  

• Willing to engage with global challenges  

• Tolerant of different belief and cultures 

• Keen to take action for a better world 


Global learning supports the long-term development and success of pupils, by enhancing their critical thinking skills and boosting their relationships with peers. 


Incorporating a global element into teaching across the curriculum helps to: 

  • ensure our children experience a rich and interesting curriculum 

  • base learning in real-world contexts to enthuse, inspire and engage our children 

  • raise standards of attainment and achievement 

  • deliver the requirements of the SMSC curriculum and respond positively to the current focus on British values 

  • ensure our children make sense of the world in which they live and to understand their role and responsibility within a global society 

  • develop an ethos encouraging empathy, fairness and respect. 


We have designed our curriculum offer with Global Learning in mind, and all year groups have opportunities to develop their understanding of their place as a citizen in a diverse and exciting world. For more detailed information on our curriculum intent, implementation and impact, please refer to our curriculum page. 


At King Charles, we believe that high-quality history lessons inspire children to want to know more about the past and to think and act as historians. Our provision ensures every child has the opportunity to reach their full potential to ‘Shine’. We aim to link learning to a range of topics to enable children to have opportunities to investigate and interpret the past, understand chronology, build an overview of Britain’s past as well as that of the wider world and Falmouth and Cornwall. Children will be able to communicate historically.




At King Charles, Mathematics is a fundamental part of each day. We believe that Maths teaches us how to make sense of the world around us. We aim to provide children with the skills in order to develop the ability to calculate, to communicate, to reason and to solve problems; this enables them to explore, understand, and appreciate relationships and patterns in both number and shape in their everyday life. We wish to promote enjoyment and enthusiasm for learning through practical activity, cross-curricular learning, exploration, and discussion.

We deliver the teaching and learning for maths by following the small steps outlined in White Rose 3.0. Reflecting our “Everyone shines” ethos, we believe all children can achieve in mathematics, and teach for secure and deep understanding of mathematical concepts through manageable steps. Most children will be taught the content from their year group only. We aim for children to become true masters of content, applying and being creative with new knowledge in multiple ways.


Modern Foreign Languages

At King Charles Primary School, all children in Key stage 2, learn French and Spanish. We aim to lay the foundations of language learning at this young age. Simply learning a new language is not the only focus; we aim for our children to acquire the skills needed in order to continue language learning as they move through their education and into adulthood. Understanding other communities and cultures is key in language learning. This breaks down barriers and opens up a dynamic and diverse world to our children.



Music at King Charles plays a significant role across our school, both in terms of children’s learning and as means of enriching our everyday lives. Through engaging work planned for the four key concepts of performing, composing, transcribing and describing music, children’s understanding and experiences of music are nurtured and developed.

We aim for our children to develop a lifelong love for music and understand how it can bring people together through shared, positive experiences.



Personal, Social, Health & Economic

What is PSHE Education?
PSHE Education (Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education) is a planned programme of learning through which children and young people acquire the knowledge, understanding and skills they need to successfully manage their lives – now and in the future. As part of a whole-school approach, PSHE Education develops the qualities and attributes pupils need to thrive as individuals, family members and members of society.

What do schools have to teach in PSHE Education?
As set out in the National Curriculum, every school needs to have a broad and balanced curriculum that:
• promotes the spiritual, moral, social, cultural, mental and physical development of pupils at the school;
• prepares pupils at the school for the opportunities, responsibilities and experiences of later life;
• promotes British values.

From September 2020, primary schools in England also need to teach Relationships and Health Education as compulsory subjects and the Department for Education strongly recommends this should also include age-appropriate Sex Education.
Schools also have statutory responsibilities to safeguard their pupils (Keeping Children Safe in Education, DfE, 2019) and to uphold the Equality Act (2010).
The Jigsaw Programme supports all


What is Jigsaw, the mindful approach to PSHE, and how does it work?
Jigsaw is a whole-school approach and embodies a positive philosophy and creative teaching and learning activities to nurture children’s development as compassionate and well-rounded human beings as well as building their capacity to learn.
Jigsaw is a comprehensive and completely original PSHE Education programme (lesson plans and teaching resources) for the whole primary school from ages 3-11. Written by teachers and grounded in sound psychology, it also includes all the statutory requirements for Relationships and Health Education, and Sex Education is also included in the Changing Me Puzzle (unit).

Jigsaw has two main aims for all children:
• To build their capacity for learning
• To equip them for life

Jigsaw brings together PSHE Education, compulsory Relationships and Health Education, emotional literacy, mindfulness, social skills and spiritual development. It is designed as a whole school approach, with all year groups working on the same theme (Puzzle) at the same time at their own level. There are six Puzzles (half-term units of work) and each year group is taught one lesson per week. All lessons are delivered in an age- and stage-appropriate way so that they meet children’s needs.

Each Puzzle starts with an introductory assembly, generating a whole school focus for adults and children alike. There is also a Weekly Celebration that highlights a theme from that week’s lesson across the school encouraging children to live that learning in their behaviour and attitudes.

How does Jigsaw work at Mabe primary school?










Physical Education

At King Charles Primary School, we believe that all children should be offered an engaging and accessible PE curriculum, built upon their core and developing skills. These skills are used in many sporting contexts, both in lessons and in representative or extracurricular activities. Central to all of this, is our understanding of the importance of Physical Education to a child’s overall physical, cognitive, social and emotional development. Physical Education develops pupil’s physical literacy and allows them to learn about themselves, the importance of decision making, a variety of social interaction and the impact of healthy, active lifestyles.

We aim to provide a broad PE curriculum that develops self-confidence in a child’s own abilities, ensuring that they aim for their ‘personal best’. To achieve this and to cater for all pupil’s needs and abilities, a variety of individual, paired and team work activities are carefully considered by teachers.








Read Write Inc. - Christ Church Hanham Primary School

At King Charles Primary School, we use the ‘Read Write Inc’ phonics programme designed by Ruth Miskin to teach early reading. The structured programme helps all children learn to read fluently and at speed so they can focus on developing their skills in comprehension, vocabulary and spelling. At the core of the programme is the lively and vigorous teaching of synthetic phonics. Children learn the 44 common sounds in the English language and how to sound-blend words for reading (decoding) at the same time as developing handwriting skills and spelling (encoding).


We have found that by using the Read Write Inc. programme, children experience success from the very beginning of their reading journey. Lively phonic books are then closely matched to their increasing knowledge of phonics and as children re-read stories their fluency increases. The stories include prompts to support thinking out loud and discussions, helping children develop the skills they need to be successful storytellers.


Read Write Inc. lessons are fun and engaging and all staff who deliver the reading sessions are fully trained. The lessons are taught daily and pupils are regularly assessed and grouped to enable appropriate challenge and pace throughout the programme.


Religious Education

The Church of England’s Vision for Education shapes our whole school curriculum intent: Wisdom, Hope, Dignity and Community, which is deeply Christian with the promise by Jesus of “life in all its fullness” at its heart. This vision, coupled with our own drivers in our SHINE curriculum, lead RE teaching and learning here at KC.

We aim to provide a whole curriculum, not just when learning in RE, where pupils are afforded opportunities to learn and grow spiritually, morally, socially and culturally:

Spirituality - time to reflect and learn and develop spiritually and think about themselves and others

Hope - aspirations, aims and how they can give hope to others Inspiring - opportunities to be inspired and celebrate how we inspire others

Nurture - caring and growing ourselves, others and God’s creation by learning about, and understanding others

Environment - an awareness of our local, national and international community

The intent of teaching Religious Education here at KC, is to support and challenge pupils to reflect upon, develop and affirm their own beliefs, values and attitudes and those of others through an exploration of shared human experience and to understand the place and significance of religion in the contemporary world.

Our scheme of work is in accordance with the Cornwall Agreed Syllabus and uses ‘Understanding Christianity,’ to complement this when learning specifically about Christianity. This resource progressively builds pupils’ understanding of significant theological concepts within Christianity with their own self-understanding and understanding of the world as part of their wider religious literacy.




At King Charles, we recognise the importance of Science in every aspect of our lives. Through their journey at our school, we aim to give our children the skills and knowledge necessary to be able to question and explore the world around them confidently. We want our children to be excited and naturally curious about the world around them and to foster a sense of awe and wonder. We feel it is important to promote respect for all living things and we are committed to providing a stimulating, engaging and challenging learning environment where our pupils are encouraged to develop and use a range of scientific skills confidently and purposefully. We aim to equip our children with the scientific knowledge and skills required to understand the uses and implications of science today, tomorrow and into their ever-changing future.